Research and development (R&D) is an integral part of consumer product development all over the world, but there are definitely some key facts about the field that are specific to the state of New Jersey. Over the past handful of years, the federal government in the United States has spent roughly $1.5 billion annually in New Jersey on activities related to research and development. In addition to that, on average, federal money for research and development has accounted for approximately 10% of all federal funds spent in New Jersey each year, aside from the direct support of individuals.
A good majority of the major federal agencies that support federal research and development efforts also contribute to providing funding for these activities in New Jersey. A notable agency here is the Department of Defense (DOD); it alone accounts for roughly 60% of all federal dollars dedicated to R&D in the state of New Jersey. Others major contributors include the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), the federal Department of Transportation (DOT), the National Science Foundation (NSF), the federal Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), and the federal Department of Energy (DOE).
In New Jersey alone, there are several R&D units, including the William J. Hughes Technical Center inside of the DOT’s Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) near Atlantic City. Here, the Technical Center maintains the FAA’s laboratories that conduct research and development with the goals of reducing the number of airplane accidents, increasing airport capacity, reducing airplane delays caused by weather and system outages, and improving overall airspace design. Not only that, but the Technical Center also develops and tests out various aviation software systems and works to improve existing systems. This particular federal unit receives roughly $11 million in federal research and development funds annually.
There are several other federal R&D units that are located in New Jersey, including one for the Department of Veterans Affairs in East Orange as well as the Army Communications-Electronics Command Research, Development, and Engineering Center facilities in central New Jersey. The latter receives around $23 million of federal R&D funds on an annual basis.
Among the 50 states (along with the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico), New Jersey ranks 14th in regard to the amount of federal research and development (R&D) dollars that are received annually. If you’re looking for more helpful information on research and development in New Jersey, the Research and Development Council of New Jersey is a useful resource.